Contemporaries

Muslim West

592–656/1196–1258

Born in Morocco in the late 12th century, al-Shadhili became one of the most influential Sufi masters of his time, and the Shadhiliyya tariqa (brotherhood) that follows his teachings has played a central role in religious life in the Islamic world, especially Egypt and North Africa.

509–594/1115–1198

Perhaps the most influential master of Sufism in Muslim Spain and North Africa, who had a profound influence on the development of the Qadiri and Shadhili orders.

520–595/1126–1198

A judge and physician, Ibn Rushd came to be regarded as the final and most influential Muslim philosopher in the West, and was particularly respected for his interpretations and commentaries on Aristotle.